Here you can find a list of publications related to LWAG subjects. Due to copyright restrictions, most of them are only references or links to the publications. Follow this link to view the archive of publication references and links: LWAG Publication Archive (not active yet).


Steels – Microstructure and Properties

H.K.D.H. Bhadeshia and R.W.K. Honeycombe

2006 (3rd edition), Butterworth Heinemann, ISBN 0-7506-8084-4 (360pp)

Members of LWAG may be asking: why should this book be reviewed on a website devoted to dynamic testing? The answer is that steels, particularly tough bainitic steels and micro-alloyed steels may be used for armour. Therefore, it is advantageous to understand the fundamental metallurgy of steels.

I would recommend this book to any student wishing for a well-paced introduction to the various aspects of the nature of steels and the many classes of alloy that can be produced with them. This is probably the best book of its kind. There are some drawbacks to the book however amongst these, are the very poor quality of the reproduction of the many microstructures. Comparing this edition with the first edition, it is clear that the same photographs are a very poor quality in the third edition. I doubt that this is the fault of the authors, whose other books contain beautiful microstructures; it is more probably the fault of the printers (Elsevier) who chose a very cheap and light-weight paper. Part of the title of the book is ‘Microstructures’ but the structures can hardly be discerned in some cases.

As well as looking at the first edition of the book, if possible, look through the following books as examples of books the have excellent micrographs: (i) Floris Osmond, Microscopic Analysis of Metals, Charles Griffin and Co. Ltd. 1904; (ii) H.M. Howe, Iron Steel And Other Alloys, Languages Printing Company, New York, 1906; (iii) Albert Sauveur, The Metallography of Iron And Steel, The University of Harvard Press, 1912.

The authors have made one typing error which is serious; the have omitted the umlaut (the diacritic sign) in the name Lüders throughout the book. They have not even included an ‘e’, Lueders, which is the alternative. Lüders is a very important scientist in the history of iron and steel and it is a great pity that his name is mis-spelt in the text.

Despite the points above, the book has an excellent text, except for the last chapter: Modelling of Microstructure and Properties. There is a lot of research proceeding in this area but in an introductory book whose primary aim (I hope) is to introduce steels to students, is it necessary to have a chapter on computer modelling?

This book is ridiculously expensive and I would hope that a paperback edition (at a reasonable price) will appear shortly. I wonder how many photocopies of the book have been made because of its prohibitive cost? On the Amazon scale of 1-5 stars, the whole book must be considered (the text 5* the photographs 2*). My rating for this book I am afraid is only 3*. For those interested in ordering a copy of the book, this can be done online from: This link

(review by Bradley Dodd on 7th Apr. 2009)


Bainite in Steels – Transformation, Microstructure and Properties

H.K.D.H. Bhadeshia

2001, Institute of Materials Communications, Ltd. ISBN 186 125 122

This book is an excellent modern treatise on bainite and as such it is unrivalled. It contains 15 chapters which include: Early Research, Tempering of Bainite, Thermodynamics, Kinetics, Upper and Lower Bainite, Other Morphologies of Bainite and Modern Bainitic Steels. This book will quickly become the standard work on the subject. For anyone who is concerned with bainite and bainitic steels, this book is invaluable. The book is suitable for students, lecturers and people in industry. Importantly, the author has managed to write the book in a captivating way and for any metallurgist it is a "must" to read. In the first chapter the author does not discuss Bain's autobiography: Pioneering in Steel Research -A Personal Record by E. C. Bain, 1975, pp.277, ASM published posthumously. The book by Bain serves two functions: 1) it gives a detailed account of the famous experiments of Davenport and Bain and how they were received by metallurgists, and 2) it provides readers with an excellent introduction to Bain's questioning method of research. This book even includes the first T-T-T diagram sketched by Bain's wife. For those interested in ordering a copy of the book, this can be done online from: This link

(review by Bradley Dodd on 24th Apr. 2001)


Ceramic Armour: Design and Defeat Mechanisms

Paul J. Hazell

2006, Argos Press, Military Technology Series (168pp)

This book is an up-to-date description of various aspects of ceramic armour and as such is invaluable. A page-long review of the book has already been written. This review, by Doug Gillott is accurate and can be found at JBT is the Journal of Battlefield Technology. A listing of some of the chapter headings gives a good flavour of the book: Assessment of Threat, Evaluating Armour Materials and Systems, Processing Techniques for Armour Applications, Impact and Penetration of Ceramic Materials, Factors that Govern Performance, Alternative Materials and Systems, Computational Modelling Issues. In fact the book covers much more than just ceramic armour. The chapters on assessing threat and penetration of  ceramics are particularly interesting. It is refreshing to see such a book not overburdened with mathematics! The book is excellent and highly recommended. For those interested in buying the book, this can be done online from: This link

(review by Bradley Dodd on 29th Jan. 2008)


Explosion, shock wave and hypervelocity phenomena

S. Itoh and K. Hokamoto

Materials Science Forum, 566 (400pp)

The objective of this special-topic volume was to disseminate work on current trends in Explosion, Shock Wave and Hypervelocity Phenomena in Materials. Recent years have witnessed an astonishing growth in research on materials science. Exotic new materials, innovative processing techniques and challenging computational methods make the pursuit of research in this field increasingly interesting and rewarding. Considering as it does, the significance of shock-wave phenomena in the rapidly changing materials-science scene, this collection of papers will undoubtedly foster further advanced research into the allied research areas of explosive, shock-wave and hypervelocity phenomena in materials. The 66 peer-reviewed papers cover topics such as: shock waves, detonation and combustion, materials processing, numerical simulation and high strain-rate phenomena.


Advances in ceramic armor

J.J. Swab, D. Zhu, W.M. Kriven (Editors)

2006, Proc. of the 29th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites (300pp)

Contains over 30 papers on the development and incorporation of ceramic materials for armour applications. Topics include impact and penetration modelling, dynamic and static testing to predict performance, damage characterisation, non-destructive evaluation and novel material concepts.

LWAG Light-Weight Armour for Defence & Security


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